China is the most populous country in the world, with 1.36 billion people. Of every seven people in the world, one was born in China.
China is the third largest country by total area, second only to Russia and Canada.
The country is divided into 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities and two special administrative regions.
As 22 províncias chinesas são: Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guandong, Guizou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilonjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunan e Zhejiang.
The autonomous regions 5 are Xinjiang, Ningxia, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia and Tibet.
4 municipalities with similar status to the states are: Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing.
The two special administrative regions - as if they were independent countries but linked to China are Hong Kong and Macau.
The most populous province in the country's Henan, with 100 million inhabitants. It's like half the population live in an area with size compared to the state of Java.
The most populous cities in China are, in order: Shanghai, Beijing, Chongqing, Guangzhou (aka Canton) and Shenzhen.
The Special Administrative Region of Macao has the largest concentration of casinos in the world. It is not without reason it is called "the Las Vegas of the East". While Las Vegas gets 3, 3 million tourists a year, Macau received 3.1 million.
Hong Kong is next to Singapore and Shanghai, one of the Asian metropolitan areas that receive the most immigrants. Besides the large flow coming from the mainland Chinese, Hong Kong has received Filipinos, Indonesians, Vietnamese, Thai and, to a lesser flow, Koreans, Japanese, Americans and Europeans.
A curiosity: the majority of Filipino immigrants are women. There are more than 100,000 Filipino working as maids in Hong Kong. Another Asian city where women flock of the Philippines is Singapore.
The population of Hong Kong speaks Mandarin dialect called Cantonese. Known as Guangdong, the region is one of the most prosperous in China. The main cities there are Guangzhou / Guangzhou and Shenzen.
China has the strictest birth control over the planet. Each couple can only have one child. As couples give preference for male children, the number of male babies is greater than the female. For every 100 girls born 119 boys.
Estimates show that in the year 2020 at least 30 million Chinese men will remain unmarried.
According to the tradition of the country, men who die unmarried "have committed lineage in the next life." To avoid this, try to fix the family called Minghun, or marriage after death, burying a bride ghost next to the bachelor.
Another birth control measure is in relation to the number of pets, each family can own only animals that do not exceed 35 cm in height, including dogs.
There are about 50 ethnic groups in China. The majority of the population belongs to Han. Other major ethnic groups are the Tibetans, Koreans, Mongolians and Uighurs.Everyone knows that China is the most populous country in the world. What few know is that the number of surnames "Han" is very small. While in Japan there are more than 200,000 surnames in China they are just over a hundred. The most common surnames are Wang, Li and Zhang, which are used by 22.4% of the population, or 291 million people.
China is one of the countries with the highest percentage of non-theists in the world. Even the Communist Party is atheist. Much of the Chinese, however, follows three religions: Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. Confucianism is followed in the public sphere, Taoism and Buddhism personal.
While Tibetans are Buddhists, Uighurs are Muslims. Uighurs have kinship with ethnic groups of Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. They inhabit the eastern province of Xinjiang and use the Arabic alphabet.
The Chinese territory covers four time zones, but the government does not want to know, and the whole country adopts the Beijing time. What makes the sun rise at 4 am in the east, and west, at 9 am.
Every holiday New Year Chinese, more than 300 million people travel across the country to visit relatives, forming the largest migration on earth. How can not go to the bathroom in the overcrowded trains, many travelers use adult diapers.
There is a restaurant in Beijing whose specialty is penis. Yes, there has dishes with a member of nine animals: bull, donkey, dog, snake, deer, sheep, buffalo, horse and seal, and as the people believe that the dish is an aphrodisiac, are not lacking customers.
The New Year Chinese banquet among the richest includes delicacies such as boiled rotten eggs and swallow's nest soup. In the southern provinces, eats up all throughout the year: grasshoppers, scorpions, wild mice, cats, dogs, star-fish, snakes and even cocoons of silkworm silk.
Believe it or not, but white is considered a funeral color among Chinese. Paradoxically, it has been increasingly used by brides for marriage - copying the Western style.
The Chinese hate the number 4, so that many buildings do not have the floors 4, 14 and 24. Phones with many 4 or ending in 4 are cheaper. The reason: the ideogram of 4 and like the death.
The opening of the summer Olympics in Beijing took place on the 8th of the month 8 of 2008 because the Chinese character of 8 reminds prosperity.
Chinese spit anywhere, and if you give soft, can lead a spit on the street. Traditional Chinese medicine believes is harmful to swallow the saliva. And smokes even in airplanes in China.
China surpassed in recent years the United States as the world's largest car producer with 23 million units. Just to give you an idea of what this means, Americans produce 11.8 million cars a year and Indonesia 3.1 million.
The number of Internet users in China has surpassed the United States at 220 million users. The total number of mobile jumped from 87 million in 2000 to 432 million in 2010.
Believe it or not, workers of Hunan Province held in early 2015 an unthinkable feat: to build a 57-story building in just 19 days.
The most polluted city in the world is Linfen, in the Chinese province of Shanxi. Caused by coal mining, air pollution affects the health of all its 3 million inhabitants. The amount of dust is so great that people just gasp of breath.
The longest bridge in the world according to the Guinness Book is the Danyang-Kunshan Grand Bridge, linking the Chinese cities of Shanghai and Nanjing (known in the West as Nanjing).
Sites like Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter, YouTube and FourSquare are completely blocked by local government. The Chinese equivalent of Facebook is the equivalent Sina Weibo and WeChat WhatsApp is.
China has one of the fastest growing economies in the world, with annual rates of 7%. The country has recently overtake Japan and become the second largest economy in the world, behind the United States.
The country's currency is the yuan, also called the yuan.
The largest e-commerce company Alibaba in the world is China, with a market value of about 150 billion dollars. Just to give you a small idea of its size, Alibaba has about 230 million active customers.
best known Chinese companies: Chery (car manufacturer), JAC (automaker), Lifan (automaker), BYD (auto maker), Great Wall (mobntadora) Shineray (automaker), Lenovo (computers), Xiaomi (electronics) , Huawei (electronic), Midea (air conditioners), Alibaba (e-commerce), Sany (agricultural and construction machinery) and XCMG (agricultural and construction machinery).
Although they originated in Taiwan, electronics companies Foxconn, Asus and Acer has a strong presence in the Chinese market. One of the main factories of Foxconn's Chinese.
The biggest star in China's flag symbolizes the Communist Party and the four smaller, symbolizes the Chinese people. The color red is associated with the revolution of 1949 and communism.